Sapho was built as an off hours project to manage intelligence developed from computer network defense activities and third party sources. Building up on the considerable resources of DokuWiki Sapho automatically generates a framework of wiki resources for capturing and analyzing cyber threat intelligence and responding.
Sapho as I understand it consists solely of a template generator for DokuWiki to help you track intrusion campaigns, adversaries & groups, and targeted malware. Unlike Collective Intelligence Framework and other tools, Sapho primarily exists as a way for humans to review the intelligence rather than other systems. If I tell another analyst that a given intrusion appears tied to group alpha, for example, then he can easily review what we know about them specifically. Of course, intelligence groups with even basic competence do this to some degree already, but Sapho allows you to create a common structure for these data.
Given the tool’s simplicity, then, we could extend it in a lot of useful ways. Scott outlines a few other potentially-related tools on the project site, like log2timeline, Cuckoo Sandbox, and Maltego / Casefile. For example, Sapho could automatically ingest the reports from these and reformat them into DokuWiki syntax. I can imagine an output plugin for CIF that does something similar for its data.
Essentially, Sapho could become a tool to transform analytical output into a common human-readable format. Taking it a step further, it could recognize certain indicator types like a hash, IP address, or similar, and automatically create wiki pages for them as a sort of correlation method.
The approach here does not really scale to large databases – but I don’t think it should. This sort of intelligence analysis works best when looking at the operational level rather than a very large scope like that of ThreatExpert. And since the tool uses the Simplified BSD license, you can take the idea and even the basic code and turn it into whatever works for you.